Qué es la difteria: síntomas, tratamiento y vacunas

21
1329

¿Qué es? Se trata de una enfermedad infecciosa que afecta principalmente a las amígdalas, la garganta, la nariz, el miocardio, las fibras nerviosas o la piel. Está erradicada y solo prevalece en algunas zonas tropicales. Se produce por una bacteria llamada Corynebacterium difteriae.

 

¿Cómo se contrae?

 

La difteria, según señalan desde Infosalus, es altamente contagiosa y se contrae a través de las vías respiratorias. En concreto a través de las personas que han pasado la enfermedad o que son portadores sanos. Ataca sobre todo a niños menores de cinco años y a personas mayores de 60. Síntomas En principio, la difteria causa cefalea, fiebre alta, dificultades para tragar y ganglios linfáticos inflamados en la zona del cuello. Además, se puede formar una membrana en la garganta. Los síntomas suelen manifestarse de 3 a 9 días después del contagio.

Loading...

 

 ¿Cómo se trata?

 

Loading...

La difteria se neutraliza principalmente con antibióticos, sin embargo, si la enfermedad empieza a producir una toxina que afecta al miocardio y al sistema nervioso —que puede producir lesiones cardíacas, parálisis o incluso la muerte— se deberá atacar con un suero antitoxina. En el caso de las personas que han estado en contacto con el paciente, deberán, en primer lugar, reforzar la vacunación. Esta vacuna se pone junto a la del tétanos y tiene una duración de 10 años. No obstante, si hace más de cinco que se administró, se deberá aplicar un recuerdo. Para los contactos más cercanos, se recurre a la profilaxis antibiótica con penicilina o eritromicina y, además, se les tomarán muestras faríngeas para saber si son portadores de la bacteria.

Únete a la conversación

21 Comentarios

  1. Hiya, I’m really glad I have found this info. Today bloggers publish just about gossip and net stuff and this is really annoying. A good web site with exciting content, this is what I need. Thank you for making this website, and I’ll be visiting again. Do you do newsletters by email?

  2. Awesome post. I’m a regular visitor of your site and appreciate you taking the time to maintain the excellent site. I’ll be a regular visitor for a long time.

  3. Hi there. I discovered your site via Google even as searching for a related subject, your site came up. It appears to be great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks to visit then.

  4. Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this info. Nowadays bloggers publish only about gossip and web stuff and this is actually annoying. A good site with interesting content, this is what I need. Thank you for making this website, and I’ll be visiting again. Do you do newsletters by email?

  5. Awesome post. I am a regular visitor of your site and appreciate you taking the time to maintain the nice site. I will be a regular visitor for a long time.

  6. Hi there. I discovered your website by way of Google even as searching for a comparable topic, your site got here up. It appears great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks to come back then.

  7. Hi there. I discovered your web site by means of Google at the same time as searching for a related topic, your website came up. It seems great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks to come back then.

  8. Hiya, I’m really glad I’ve found this information. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossip and web stuff and this is actually annoying. A good website with interesting content, this is what I need. Thanks for making this website, and I will be visiting again. Do you do newsletters by email?

  9. Hiya, I’m really glad I have found this information. Today bloggers publish only about gossip and net stuff and this is really frustrating. A good site with exciting content, that’s what I need. Thank you for making this web site, and I will be visiting again. Do you do newsletters by email?

  10. Hi there. I found your web site by way of Google while looking for a similar subject, your site got here up. It seems to be great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks to come back then.

  11. Awesome write-up. I’m a regular visitor of your website and appreciate you taking the time to maintain the excellent site. I’ll be a regular visitor for a long time.

  12. Hiya, I am really glad I’ve found this information. Nowadays bloggers publish only about gossip and net stuff and this is really annoying. A good blog with exciting content, that is what I need. Thanks for making this web-site, and I’ll be visiting again. Do you do newsletters by email?

  13. MetroClick specializes in building completely interactive products like Photo Booth for rental or sale, Touch Screen Kiosks, Large Touch Screen Displays , Monitors, Digital Signages and experiences. With our own hardware production facility and in-house software development teams, we are able to achieve the highest level of customization and versatility for Photo Booths, Touch Screen Kiosks, Touch Screen Monitors and Digital Signage. Visit MetroClick at http://www.metroclick.com/ or , 121 Varick St, New York, NY 10013, +1 646-843-0888

  14. What i do not realize is in fact how you’re no longer really much more well-appreciated than you might be now. You’re very intelligent. You understand thus considerably on the subject of this subject, produced me in my opinion consider it from a lot of numerous angles. Its like women and men don’t seem to be fascinated unless it¡¦s one thing to accomplish with Lady gaga! Your own stuffs outstanding. At all times maintain it up!

  15. I simply want to tell you that I am all new to blogging and site-building and honestly liked your blog site. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your website . You absolutely come with impressive well written articles. Thanks a lot for revealing your web site.

Dejar respuesta

Por favor deje un comentario
Por favor introduzca su nombre